basename will print NAME with any leading directory components removed. If specified, it will also remove a trailing SUFFIX (typically a file extention).


Get the name of the home folder:

$ basename ~

Extract the file name from the variable pathnamevar and store in the variable result using parameter expansion $( )

$ result=$(basename "$pathnamevar")

A script to rename file extensions:

for file in *.$1; do
    mv $file `basename $file $1`.$2

$ BatchRenameExt htm html

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