Install a package using yum install
To install a package, do ‘yum install packagename’. This will also identify the dependencies automatically and install them. The following example installs postgresql package.
# yum install postgresql.x86_64 Resolving Dependencies Install 2 Package(s) Is this ok [y/N]: y Running Transaction Installing : postgresql-libs-9.0.4-5.fc15.x86_64 1/2 Installing : postgresql-9.0.4-5.fc15.x86_64 2/2
Uninstall a package using yum remove
To remove a package (along with all its dependencies), use ‘yum remove package’ as shown below.
# yum remove postgresql.x86_64 Package postgresql.x86_64 0:9.0.4-5.fc15 will be erased Is this ok [y/N]: y Running Transaction Erasing : postgresql-9.0.4-5.fc15.x86_64 1/1
Upgrade an existing package using yum update
If you have a older version of a package, use ‘yum update package’ to upgrade it to the latest current version. This will also identify and install all required dependencies.
# yum update postgresql.x86_64
Search for a package to be installed using yum search If you don’t know the exact package name to be installed, use ‘yum search keyword’, which will search all the packages that matches the ‘keyword’ and display it. The following examples searches the yum repository for all the packages that matches the keyword ‘firefox’ and lists the available packages.
# yum search firefox Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit ============== N/S Matched: firefox ====================== firefox.x86_64 : Mozilla Firefox Web browser gnome-do-plugins-firefox.x86_64 mozilla-firetray-firefox.x86_64 mozilla-adblockplus.noarch : Mozilla Firefox extension mozilla-noscript.noarch : Mozilla Firefox extension
Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.
Display additional information about a package using yum info
Once you search for a package using yum search, you can use ‘yum info package’ to view additional information about the package.
The following examples displays additional information about the samba-common package.
# yum info samba-common.i686 Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit Available Packages Name : samba-common Arch : i686 Epoch : 1 Version : 3.5.11 Release : 71.fc15.1 Size : 9.9 M Repo : updates Summary : Files used by both Samba servers and clients URL : http://www.samba.org/ License : GPLv3+ and LGPLv3+ Description : Samba-common provides files necessary for both the server and client
View all available packages using yum list
The following command will list all the packages available in the yum database.
# yum list | less
List only the installed packages using yum list installed
To view all the packages that are installed on your system, execute the following yum command.
# yum list installed | less
Which package does a file belong to? – Use yum provides
Use ‘yum provides’ if you like to know which package a particular file belongs to. For example, if you like to know the name of the package that has the /etc/sysconfig/nfs file, do the following.
# yum provides /etc/sysconfig/nfs Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit 1:nfs-utils-1.2.3-10.fc15.x86_64 : NFS utilities and supporting clients and : daemons for the kernel NFS server Repo : fedora Matched from: Filename : /etc/sysconfig/nfs 1:nfs-utils-1.2.4-1.fc15.x86_64 : NFS utilities and supporting clients and : daemons for the kernel NFS server Repo : updates Matched from: Filename : /etc/sysconfig/nfs 1:nfs-utils-1.2.4-1.fc15.x86_64 : NFS utilities and supporting clients and : daemons for the kernel NFS server Repo : installed Matched from: Other : Provides-match: /etc/sysconfig/nfs
List available software groups using yum grouplist
In yum, several related packages are grouped together in a specific group. Instead of searching and installing all the individual packages that belongs to a specific function, you can simply install the group, which will install all the packages that belongs to the group.
To view all the available software groups execute ‘yum grouplist’ as shown below. The output is listed in three groups–Installed Groups, Installed Language Groups and Available Groups.
# yum grouplist Installed Groups: Administration Tools Base Design Suite .... Installed Language Groups: Arabic Support [ar] Armenian Support [hy] Bengali Support [bn] .... Available Groups: Authoring and Publishing Books and Guides Clustering DNS Name Server Development Libraries Development Tools Directory Server Dogtag Certificate System ...
Install a specific software group using yum groupinstall
To install specific software group, use groupinstall option as shown below. In the following example, ‘DNS Name Server’ group contains bind and bind-chroot.
# yum groupinstall 'DNS Name Server' Dependencies Resolved Install 2 Package(s) Is this ok [y/N]: y Package(s) data still to download: 3.6 M (1/2): bind-9.8.0-9.P4.fc15.x86_64.rpm | 3.6 MB 00:15 (2/2): bind-chroot-9.8.0-9.P4.fc15.x86_64.rpm | 69 kB 00:00 ----------------------------------------------------------------- Total 235 kB/s | 3.6 MB 00:15 Installed: bind-chroot.x86_64 32:9.8.0-9.P4.fc15 Dependency Installed: bind.x86_64 32:9.8.0-9.P4.fc15 Complete! Note: You can also install MySQL database using yum groupinstall as we discussed earlier. 11. Upgrade an existing software group using groupupdate If you’ve already installed a software group using yum groupinstall, and would like to upgrade it to the latest version, use ‘yum groupupdate’ as shown below. # yum groupupdate 'Graphical Internet' Dependencies Resolved Upgrade 5 Package(s) Is this ok [y/N]: y Running Transaction Updating : evolution-data-server-3.0.2-1.fc15.x86_64 1/10 Updating : evolution-3.0.2-3.fc15.x86_64 2/10 Updating : evolution-NetworkManager-3.0.2-3.fc15.x86_64 3/10 Updating : evolution-help-3.0.2-3.fc15.noarch 4/10 Updating : empathy-3.0.2-3.fc15.x86_64 5/10 Cleanup : evolution-NetworkManager-3.0.1-1.fc15.x86_64 6/10 Cleanup : evolution-help-3.0.1-1.fc15.noarch 7/10 Cleanup : evolution-3.0.1-1.fc15.x86_64 8/10 Cleanup : empathy-3.0.1-3.fc15.x86_64 9/10 Cleanup : evolution-data-server-3.0.1-1.fc15.x86_64 10/10 Complete! 12. Uninstall a software group using yum groupremove To delete an existing software group use ‘yum groupremove’ as shown below. # yum groupremove 'DNS Name Server' Dependencies Resolved Remove 2 Package(s) Is this ok [y/N]: y Running Transaction Erasing : 32:bind-chroot-9.8.0-9.P4.fc15.x86_64 1/2 Erasing : 32:bind-9.8.0-9.P4.fc15.x86_64 2/2 Complete!
Display your current yum repositories
All yum commands goes against one or more yum repositories. To view all the yum repositories that are configured in your system, do "yum repolist" as shown below.
The following will display only the enabled repositories.
# yum repolist repo id repo name status fedora Fedora 15 - x86_64 24,085 updates Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Updates 5,612 To display all the repositories (both enabled and disabled), use ‘yum repolist all’.
# yum repolist all repo id repo name status fedora Fedora 15 - x86_64 enabled: 24,085 fedora-debuginfo Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Debug disabled fedora-source Fedora 15 - Source disabled rawhide-debuginfo Fedora - Rawhide - Debug disabled rawhide-source Fedora - Rawhide - Source disabled updates Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Updates enabled: 5,612 updates-debuginfo Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Updates - Debug disabled updates-source Fedora 15 - Updates Source disabled updates-testing Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Test Updates disabled updates-testing-debuginfo Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Test Updates Debug disabled updates-testing-source Fedora 15 - Test Updates Source disabled
To view only the disabled repositories, use
# yum repositories disabled’.
Install from a disabled repositories using yum –enablerepo
By default yum installs only from the enabled repositories. For some reason if you like to install a package from a disabled repositories, use –enablerepo option in the ‘yum install’ as shown below.
# yum --enablerepo=fedora-source install vim-X11.x86_64 Dependencies Resolved Install 1 Package(s) Is this ok [y/N]: y Running Transaction Installing : 2:vim-X11-7.3.138-1.fc15.x86_64 1/1 Complete!
Execute yum commands interactively using Yum Shell
Yum provides the interactive shell to run multiple commands as shown below.
# yum shell Setting up Yum Shell > info samba.x86_64 Available Packages Name : samba Arch : x86_64 Epoch : 1 Version : 3.5.11 Release : 71.fc15.1 Size : 4.6 M Repo : updates Summary : Server and Client software to interoperate with Windows machines URL : http://www.samba.org/ License : GPLv3+ and LGPLv3+ Description : : Samba is the suite of programs by which a lot of PC-related : machines share files, printers, and other information (such as : lists of available files and printers). The Windows NT, OS/2, and : Linux operating systems support this natively, and add-on packages : can enable the same thing for DOS, Windows, VMS, UNIX of all : kinds, MVS, and more. This package provides an SMB/CIFS server : that can be used to provide network services to SMB/CIFS clients. : Samba uses NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) protocols and does NOT : need the NetBEUI (Microsoft Raw NetBIOS frame) protocol. > Yum can also read commands from a text file and execute it one by one. This is very helpful when you have multiple systems. Instead of executing the same command on all the systems, create a text file with those commands, and use ‘yum shell’ to execute those commands as shown below. # cat yum_cmd.txt repolist info nfs-utils-lib.x86_64 # yum shell yum_cmd.txt repo id repo name status fedora Fedora 15 - x86_64 24,085 updates Fedora 15 - x86_64 - Updates 5,612 Available Packages Name : nfs-utils-lib Arch : x86_64 Version : 1.1.5 Release : 5.fc15 Size : 61 k Repo : fedora Summary : Network File System Support Library URL : http://www.citi.umich.edu/projects/nfsv4/linux/ License : BSD Description : Support libraries that are needed by the commands and : daemons the nfs-utils rpm. Leaving Shell
eliminates all files that yum uses to determine the remote availability of packages. These metadata are downloaded again the next time yum is run.
yum clean metadata
To see which installed packages on your system have updates available, use the following command:
For example: ~]# yum check-update Loaded plugins: product-id, refresh-packagekit, subscription-manager Updating Red Hat repositories. INFO:rhsm-app.repolib:repos updated: 0 PackageKit.x86_64 0.5.8-2.el6 rhel PackageKit-glib.x86_64 0.5.8-2.el6 rhel PackageKit-yum.x86_64 0.5.8-2.el6 rhel PackageKit-yum-plugin.x86_64 0.5.8-2.el6 rhel glibc.x86_64 2.11.90-20.el6 rhel glibc-common.x86_64 2.10.90-22 rhel kernel.x86_64 2.6.31-14.el6 rhel kernel-firmware.noarch 2.6.31-14.el6 rhel rpm.x86_64 4.7.1-5.el6 rhel rpm-libs.x86_64 4.7.1-5.el6 rhel rpm-python.x86_64 4.7.1-5.el6 rhel udev.x86_64 147-2.15.el6 rhel yum.noarch 3.2.24-4.el6 rhel
The packages in the above output are listed as having updates available. The first package in the list is PackageKit, the graphical package manager. The line in the example output tells us:
PackageKit — the name of the package
x86_64 — the CPU architecture the package was built for
0.5.8 — the version of the updated package to be installed
rhel — the repository in which the updated package is located
The output also shows us that we can update the kernel (the kernel package), Yum and RPM themselves (the yum and rpm packages), as well as their dependencies (such as the kernel-firmware, rpm-libs, and rpm-python packages), all using yum.
The yum --showduplicates list package command doesn’t limit packages to their latest versions in the info, list and search commands.
yum --showduplicates list package_name